Go Back

SNM/EANM Procedure Guidelines for Musculoskeletal Indications

  • SNM Procedure Guideline for Bone Scintigraphy (2003)

    The purpose of this guideline is to assist nuclear medicine practitioners in recommending, performing, interpreting, and reporting the results of bone scintigraphy - a diagnostic study used to evaluate the distribution of active bone formation in the body.

  • EANM Bone Scintigraphy Procedure Guideline for Tumour Imaging (2003)

    The purpose of this document is to provide general information about bone scintigraphy in oncology.

  • SNM Guideline for Sodium F-18-Fluoride PET/CT Bone Scans (2010)

    The purpose of these guidelines is to assist practitioners in following a reasonable course of action based on current knowledge, available resources, and the needs of the patient to deliver effective and safe medical care.
    18F-Fluoride is a highly sensitive bone-seeking PET tracer used for detection of skeletal abnormalities. The uptake mechanism of 18F-Fluoride resembles that of 99mTc-MDP with better pharmacokinetic characteristics including faster blood clearance and two-fold higher uptake in bone. The use of novel hybrid PET/CT systems, has significantly improved the specificity of 18F- Fluoride imaging as the CT component of the study allows morphologic characterization of the functional lesion and more accurate differentiation between benign lesions and metastases.