Human Milk Intake
Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, followed by the introduction of appropriate complementary foods and continued breastfeeding, as recommended by the World Health Organization and UNICEF, are cornerstones in infant nutrition. However, only limited information is available on the quantities of human milk consumed and the time of introduction of other foods into the infants’ diet. The lack of information is, at least partly, due to the difficulties involved in assessing intake of human milk. The IAEA supports the application of the deuterium oxide ‘dose-to-mother’ technique, which measures the average volume of human milk consumed by the baby for 14 days, without interrupting the normal feeding pattern. Please visit the related links for more information on the theoretical background as well as the practical application of the deuterium oxide ‘dose-to-mother’ technique.