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IDIDAS : References: Cold Storage Enhances the Efficacy and Margin of Security in Postharvest Irradiation Treatments Against Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Title

Cold Storage Enhances the Efficacy and Margin of Security in Postharvest Irradiation Treatments Against Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Year

2013

Source

J. Econ. Entomol. 106(5): 2035Ð2042; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC13197

Abstract

Cold storage is used to preserve fruit quality after harvest during transportation in marketing channels. Low temperature can be a stressor for insects that reduces survivorship, and cold storage may contribute to the efficacy of postharvest quarantine treatments such as irradiation against quarantine insect pests. The combined effect of irradiation and cold storage was examined in a radiation-tolerant fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Coquillet (melon fly), and a radiation-intolerant fruit fly,Ceratitis capitat (Wiedemann) (Mediterranean fruit fly) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Third instars on diet or in papaya were treated with a sublethal radiation dose of 30 Gy and stored at 4 or 11_C for 3-13 d and held for adult emergence. For both fruit fly species, survival of third instars to the adult stage generally decreased with increasing cold storage duration at 4 or 11_C in diet or papaya. Survivorship differences were highly significant for the effects of substrate (diet > papaya), temperature (11 > 4 degrees C), and irradiation (0>30 Gy). Few Mediterranean fruit flies survived in any cold storage treatment after receiving a radiation dose of 30 Gy no melon fly larvae survived to the adult stage after irradiation and 11 d cold storage at 4 or 11 degree C in papayas. Cold storage enhances the efficacy and widens the margin of security in postharvest irradiation treatments. Potentially irradiation and cold storage can be used in combination to reduce the irradiation exposure requirements of quarantine treatments.

Authors

FOLLETT PETER A. and SNOOK KIRSTEN

Keywords

irradiation, quarantine, postharvest, phytosanitary treatment, systems approach

Attachments

Content Type: Item
Created at 05/11/2013 00:24 by Abdeljelil Bakri
Last modified at 05/11/2013 18:31 by Abdeljelil Bakri