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Uranium Production Cycle

Welcome to the IAEA International Network on the Uranium Production Cycle - UPC Net

Uranium is the primary component of nuclear power reactors’ fuel and must be managed properly in a safe and sustainable manner. The typical annual production of natural uranium world-wide is between 55,000 and 65,000 tons of uranium (metal equivalent).

The overall objective of the IAEA Uranium Production Cycle (UPC) Network is to enhance member States’ knowledge and information sharing in the fields of exploration, discovery and assessment of resources; prefeasibility and feasibility studies; mining and processing development including technology selection and testing; construction and operation of mining facilities; and the appropriate closure of Uranium production sites where the resource has been depleted. All these areas must be based on best practices, aim for a minimal adverse impact on the environment and society and bring benefits to local and national communities and economies.

For further information or questions please contact:

To check the latest Uranium Production Cycle news: 

Please visit World Nuclear News​

Geochemical and Mineralogical Characterization of Uranium and Thorium Deposits
IAEA-TECDOC-1929In page navigation
IAEA/WOR/URA  978-92-0-111520-1 World Uranium Geology, Exploration, Resources and Production
World Uranium Geology, Exploration, Resources and Production page navigation
IAEA/DES/MOD  978-92-0-109220-5
Descriptive Uranium Deposit and Mineral System Models page navigation
IAEA-TECDOC-1892 (2019) page navigation
IAEA-TECDOC-1842 (2018) page navigation
IAEA-TECDOC-1843 (2018)
World Distribution of Uranium Deposits (UDEPO) page navigation
IAEA-TECDOC-1857 ( 2018)
Unconformity-related Uranium Deposits page navigation
 IAEA-TECDOC-1861 (2018)
Quantitative and Spatial Evaluations of Undiscovered Uranium Resources page navigation
STI/PUB/1800 (2018)
World Distribution of Uranium Deposits (Second Edition) page navigation
IAEA-TECDOC-1849 (2018)
Uranium Resources as Co- and By-products of Polymetallic, Base, Rare Earth and Precious Metal Ore Deposits page navigation

 Upcoming Events 2022

  • Joint Technical Meeting of the Uranium Mining and Remediation Exchange Group and the International Working Forum of Regulatory Supervision of Legacy Sites, 12-16 September 2022, Darwin, Australia.
  • 58th Meeting of the Joint OECD/NEA–IAEA Uranium Group, 10-14 October 2022, Vienna, Austria.
  • Technical Meeting on Assessing and Quantifying Prognosticated and Speculative Uranium Resources, 14-18 November 2022, Espoo, Finland.