The objective of the Technical Safety
Review of Safety Requirements (TSR-SR) is to assist Member States represented
by the Requesting Party in the process of developing or revising national
safety requirements for facilities and activities. National documents of different
levels (typically regulations and guides) for various nuclear facilities and
activities may be reviewed.
The TSR-SR helps
the Member State to develop national documents in line with sound international
practices reflected in the IAEA Safety Standards. The outcome of the review provides
specific comments and recommendations to improve consistency of the national
requirements with the IAEA Safety Standards.
SCOPE OF THE REVIEW
The service has
been developed to cover broad range of national regulations and guides for
different lifetime stages (siting, design, construction, commissioning,
operation and decommissioning) of the authorized facilities (typically nuclear
power plants or fuel cycle facilities) and authorized activities (use of
radioactive sources, radioactive waste management, transport of radioactive
materials). The documentation to be provided to by the Requesting Party to the
international experts should typically contain:
national safety requirements (regulations and/or guides) to be reviewed.
of existing and planned national regulatory framework as applicable for the
authorized facilities and activities, including description of the process for
adopting new national safety requirements.
role of the safety requirements submitted for the IAEA review in the overall national
regulatory framework, and envisaged time frame for the adoption of the
of the interfaces of the submitted documents with existing or planned
interrelated legal documents, including documents of the higher legal level
(laws), the same level (regulations) or lower level (guides), as applicable.
of the terminology to be used in the national safety requirements; if the
Requesting Party decides to use terminology different from the IAEA Safety
Standards, a relevant document with applicable definitions should be made
available to reviewers.
The review is
focused on evaluation of the comprehensiveness, correctness and clarity of the
technical content of the national regulations and guides. Although description
of the process of development and application of the national regulatory
framework provides relevant complementary information for evaluation the
quality of national documents, such process is not the subject of the
The IAEA review is
performed using references to specific requirements given in the relevant IAEA
Safety Requirements for different lifetime stages of the authorized facilities
and different authorized activities. In selected cases, IAEA Safety Guides may
be used by the reviewers as sources of complementary supporting information.
Selection of the relevant IAEA Safety Standards as reference documents for the
review is made correspondingly to the subject and the scope of the reviewed
national documents and should be specified in the terms of reference for the
Examples of areas
where observations from the review are typically identified are as follows:
of terminology and its consistent use throughout the regulations or guides;
of the regulations or guides;
with regard to the IAEA Safety Standards;
with the IAEA Safety Standards when they are used verbatim;
consistency of the regulations or guides;
correctness of the requirements;
and unambiguous formulation of requirements;
of the volume of information in different requirements;
level of detail corresponding to the level of a document;
consistency and position of the references in the text.
TSR-SR offers interested Member States a number of benefits including:
compliance and/or identifies differences of national safety requirements as compared
to the IAEA Safety Standards;
independent view on comprehensiveness, correctness and feasibility of
application of national safety requirements correspondingly to the national
interfaces with other applicable regulatory documents to ensure completeness of
coverage and avoiding unnecessary overlapping.
the clarity, consistency and balancing the content of national safety
requirements considering cross-referencing with other legal instruments covered
by the review.
experiences with international experts in the area of development and
application of national and IAEA safety requirements;
proper balance between prescriptive and performance-based approach in national
safety requirements correspondingly to the international experience.
personal contacts and broadening possibilities for international cooperation in
the area of nuclear legislation.
openness and transparency in establishing country’s regulatory framework.
confidence of public and international nuclear community that the national
safety requirements follow international best practices.
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS (SR) reviews conducted
SR in Nigeria
SR in Egypt
SR in Saudi Arabia
SR in Lithuania
SR in Netherlands