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Pak. J. Agri. Res. 17(2).
Abdullah, K; M. Akram and A.A. Alizai1
Pak. J. Bio. Sc. 4(4): 334-335.
Abdullah, K and A. Latif2
SAIC Newsletter Oct.-Dec. 2000: 6.
Abdullah, K..and A. Latif3
Pakistan J. of Agril. Res., 14(4): 1993, pp. 396-399.
Marwat, N.K. and K. Abdullah4
Gomal Univ. J. Res. 12(2):67-72.
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Marwat, N.K. and K. Abdullah.5
International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 24: 2, 125-134
The attraction of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) to soybean hydrolysate, fishmeal, beef extract, banana/grapes, bread and dog biscuit was evaluated in snakegourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.) gardens during 2000-2001. Vinegar and beer were added as the 'bait components' to the above 'base baits' to enhance their attractiveness. Edible oils, glycerine and petroleum jelly were tested as the 'controlled releasers' to sustain the attractiveness. The results indicated that banana and soybean hydrolysate were 85-95% more attractive to adult B. cucurbitae than fishmeal, beef extract, bread and dog biscuit. Among the fruit pulps, grapes and banana appeared to be more attractive than pineapple. The attractiveness of baits with palm oil lasted longer (up to 5 days) than that of baits without any controlled releaser (2-3 days). Grapes+beer+palm oil was found to be 37% more attractive than the other admixtures. The fruit flies were attracted towards the baits more intensively between 0600 and 0800 h and between 1600 and 1800 h.
Bharathi, T. E.; Sathiyanandam, V. K. R.; David, P. M. M.6
Enter publisher informationInsect Science and its Application. ICIPE Science Press, Nairobi, Kenya: 2003. 23: 2, 121-125. 30 ref.
If available, enter a short abstract of not more than 500 words.The effects of four plant growth regulators (PGRs), namely, coumarin, kinetin, gibberellic acid (GA3) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), at 25, 125, 625 or 3125 micro g/ml on the development of the melon fruit fly, B. cucurbitae. All four compounds exerted growth- and development-inhibitory effects on the fly. Coumarin was the most potent, followed by kinetin, GA3 and IAA. The first and second instars of the fly were more sensitive than the third instar. Treatment with the PGRs also prolonged the developmental period, reduced the percentage emergence, and increased percentage of abnormal flies emerging. At higher concentrations (125, 625 and 3125 micro g/ml), coumarin, kinetin and GA3 caused 100% mortality in the first instar.
Rabinder Kaur; Rup, P. J.7
International Journal of Life Sciences
The progeny development experiment with three nematode species viz. S. carpocapsie, S. feltiae and H. bacterophora, in the laboratory, showed J3 stated emerging in all nematode after day 11 and the J3 production increased till day 13 for S. feltaie and ends on day 23. H. bacterophora roduce a total of 697 in 16 days. Where as S. carpocapsae a total of 847 J3 till post infective day-26. Progeny production as unit body weight, S. carocapsae produced 784 J3/mg follwed by H. bacterophora and S. feltiae with 580 and 221/mg body weight of fruit fly. In another experiment, LC50 for S. feltiase was 516 J3/ml and H. bacterophora was 600 J3.
Abdullah, K., S.M. Khan, S. Yasmin, S. Gowen, M.K. Khattak, A.R. Kiani and D.A. Ukeh8
Indus Journal of Biol. Sci., 3 (3): 879-882.
Spinosad, an environment friendly killing agent added in the bait of protein hydrolysate was tested in its various concentrations (0.1, 0.3 and 0.5%) by comparing with normally used organophosphate insecticide (Diptrex 0.3%) for the control of guava fruit flies. Treatments were administered intermittently, twice at 10 days interval at premature fruiting stage.  The parameter of fruit damage inflicted by flies was based on % larval infestation in dropped and harvested fruits at fruit ripening stage for each treatment. Significantly lowest % infestations were observed in all the treated plants, ranging from 5.8 to 20.5 % in dropped fruits and 4.2 to 9.6 % in harvested fruits as compared to 46.8 % and 35.7 % in untreated check respectively. Increase in percent reduction fruit infestation over the check was recorded in Diptrex mixed bait treatment (86.6 & 88.3 %) followed by spinosade 0.5% mixed bait (71.2 &83.1 %) in dropped and harvested fruits respectively.
Latif, A., K. Abdullah and M. Akram9
Pak. Entomol. 27 (2): 69-72, 2005
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A. Latif and Abdullah, K.10
Paper presented at the 2005 Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting and Exhibition December 15-18, 2005. Ft. Lauderdale, FL,
Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) infesting mangoes, melons, citrus and guava are one of the major threats to export of these commodities. Pesticides are widely used for control of this pest, which is not desirable for many countries under WTO agreement. The study was designed according to integrated management approach using zero or minimal fraction of toxicant. Eighty-five percent infestation reduction was achieved by applying food-lure bait along with sex attractant traps and 87% reduction by application of neem extract.
K. Abdullah and A. Latif.11
The Science 16(1): 71-74.
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Latif, A., K. Abdullah and S.K. Khattak.12
Pakistan Entomologist, VOL: 29  2007 NO.2
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Khalid Abdullah, Abdul Latif, Said Mir Khan and Mohammad Akram Khan13
Pak. Entomol. Vol. 31, No.1,
In order to evaluate the effect of neem oil and neem seed water extract on the infestation, settling and oviposition of melon fruit fly, (Bactrocera cucurbitae Coq.), field as well as laboratory trials were conducted on Bukhara variety of melon at Hathala, D.I.Khan. Neem oil and neem seed extract were prepared from fresh neem seeds collected from the area and different concentrations of 1, 1.5 and 2% and 1, 2 and 3% were made in water to spray in the fields, respectively. The concentrations viz., 1000, 5000 and 10,000 ppm, of both neem oil and neem seed extract were used in laboratory tests. In the field trials, neem oil and neem seed water extract at all tested concentrations reduced the fruit fly infestation. Significantly less number of pupae were recovered from the randomly selected fruits in the treated plots as compared to control. The effect of both neem derivatives was dose dependent. However, adult emergence of the flies was not affected at any level of concentration. In laboratory test, both neem oil and neem seed water extract at 10,000 ppm adversely affected the settling of melonfruit fly; as 1.7 flies and 1.7 flies on fruits treated with 10,000 ppm of neem oil and 10,000 ppm of neem seed water extract, respectively, were significantly lower than 6.3 and 7.3 flies in their respective control. Similarly pupal recovery at all tested concentrations of neem oil and neem seed water extract were statistically lower than that in their respective control.
Masood Khan Khattak, Mohammad Mamoon-ur Rashid and Khalid Abdullah14
Journal of Insect Physiology Volume 57, Issue 11, Pages 1501-1509
Male physiological condition can affect his ability to modulate female sexual receptivity. Thus, studying this aspect can have biological and practical implications. Here, we examine how male nutritional status affected the amount of sperm stored, remating rate and refractory period of the tephritid fruit fly Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) females. Both wild and laboratory flies were evaluated. We also examine female sperm storage patterns. Experiments were carried out by manipulating male adult diet and exposing these males to virgin females. Females mated with differently treated males were either dissected to count the amount of sperm stored or exposed to virgin males to determine remating rate and the length of the refractory period. We found that male nutritional status affected the amount of the sperm stored and the renewal of sexual receptivity in wild flies. For laboratory flies, male nutritional status affected the length of the refractory period but not the amount of sperm stored by females. In addition, we report that the ventral receptacle is not an important organ of sperm storage in this species. We conclude that male nutritional condition influences the ability to modulate female sexual receptivity, possibly through a combination of the quantity and quality of the ejaculate. From an applied perspective, providing males with an enriched diet will likely result in increased efficacy of the sterile insect technique.
Abraham Solana, Goane Lucia, Cladera Jorge, Vera M. Teresa15
Entomon. Association for Advancement of Entomology, Trivandrum, India. 30: 2, 171-173. 5 ref.
Bactrocera dorsalis collected from Steiner-type traps in Bihar, India, in 2001 and 2002, showed that the insect population increased from April, reached the peak in June and was significantly reduced by August. From September to March the catch was low. Maximum and minimum temperatures, rain and relative humidity at 14 h showed a positive and significant correlation with fly population while morning relative humidity at 7 h exhibited a negative correlation.
Binay Kumar; Agarwal, M. L.16
Neotropical Entomology, Feb 2004, vol.33, no.1, p.113-116.
This paper evaluated the infestation of two passion fruit species by tephritids and lonchaeids in two municipalities of southeastern Brazil. Floral buds of sweet passion fruit (Passiflora alata) and yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) were collected in Seropédica (RJ) and Vila Valério (ES), respectively. Fruits of P. alata were also collected in Seropédica. Three species of Lonchaeidae were obtained from floral buds of P. alata (Neosilba zadolicha McAlpine & Steyskal, Neosilba sp. and Dasiops longulus Norrbom & McAlpine), and species of four genera of Tephritoidea were obtained from fruits: Anastrepha pseudoparallela Loew (Tephritidae), Dasiops frieseni Norrbom & McAlpine (Lonchaeidae), Euxesta sp. and Notogramma cimiciforme Loew (Otitidae). Specimens of Ganaspis sp. (Figitidae: Eucoilinae) were recovered from some sweet passion fruits infested by tephritids or lonchaeids. Only specimens of Dasiops inedulis Steyskal (Lonchaeidae) were obtained from floral buds of yellow passion fruit. Parasitoids belonging to the genus Opius Wesmael (Braconidae: Opiinae) were also collected in association with this fly species.
Aguiar-Menezes, E. L., Nascimento, R. J. and Menezes, E. B. Menezes17
Neotropical Entomology, June 2003, vol.32, no.2, p.355-358.
This study reports the first occurrence of Coptera haywardi Loiacono as a pupal parasitoid of fruit-infesting Tephritidae in Brazil. We reared this diapriid from fruits of Eugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) infested by Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) and/or Anastrepha sororcula Zucchi. We also identified two other species of pupal parasitoids: Pachrycrepoideus vindemmiae Rondani and Spalangia endius Walker (Pteromalidae). Four species of larval-pupal parasitoids were also recorded: Doryctobracon areolatus (Szépligeti), Utetes (Bracanastrepha) anastrephae (Viereck), Opius bellus Gahan (Braconidae) and Aganaspis pelleranoi (Brèthes) (Figitidae).\r\n\r\n
Aguiar-Menezes, E. L., Menezes, E. B. and Loiacono, M. S.18
Neotropical Entomology, Oct 2002, vol.31, no.4, p.589-595.
The present work evaluated the influence of time of permanence of the fruit in the field after its abscission on natural parasitism of Anastrepha spp. In February 2000, three trees of Spanish prune (Spondias purpurea L.) and three guava tree (Psidium guajava L.) were selected in the Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sampling consisted of 250 infested fruits collected per tree. Fifty of them were taken immediately to the laboratory in order to obtain Tephritidae pupae (0-day exposure). The remaining fruits were divided in four batches and placed in plastic trays on a layer of sand, underneath the tree canopy. Every other day, the fruits of one tray were transported to the laboratory (2, 4, 6 and 8 days exposure). A total of 1,123 flies of the genus Anastrepha [A. obliqua (Macquart) and A. fraterculus (Wiedemann)] and 1,880 Hymenopteran parasitoids (Braconidae, Figitidae and Pteromalidae) were recovered from Spanish prune. From guava, 4,714 adults of Anastrepha spp. (A. obliqua, A. fraterculus and A. sororcula Zucchi) and 383 Hymenopteran parasitoids (Braconidae, Figitidae and Pteromalidae) were obtained. The highest percent parasitism by Braconidae (67.2% in Spanish prune and 6.4% in guava) was recorded on fruits of 0-day, suggesting that they would prefer the larvae in the fruits while on the tree. For Figitidae the higher percent parasitism (2.8% in Spanish prune and 4.7% in guava) occurred on fruits present for six days in the field and for Pteromalidae in fruits present for eight days (2.4% in Spanish prune and 1.9% in guava).
Aguiar-Menezes, E. L. and Menezes, E. B.19
Florida Entomologist, 2001, v. 83, n. 40, p. 706-711
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Aguiar-Menezes, E.L.; Menezes, E. B.; Silva, P. S.; Bittar, A. C. and Cassino, P. C.20
Florida Entomologist,  v. 81, n. 4, p. 567-570
Aguiar-Menezes, E.L.; Sivinski, J.; Holler, T.; Aluja, M.21
Biological Control, 1998, v. 11, p. 193-202
Sivinski, J.; Vulinec, K.; Aguiar-Menezes, E. L. and Aluja, M.22
Biological Control, 1997, v. 8, p. 1-6
Aguiar-Menezes, E. L. and Menezes, E. B.23
Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 1996, v. 25, n. 2, p. 223-232
Aguiar-Menezes, E. L. and Menezes, E. B.24
Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 2001, v. 30, n. 4, p. 613-623
Aguiar-Menezes, E. L.; Menezes, E. B.25
Malavasi, A. and Zucchi, R. A. (eds.), Moscas-das-frutas de importância econômica no brasil: conhecimento básico e aplicado. Ribeirão Preto: Holos, 2000. p. 259-273
Aguiar-Menezes, E. L. and Menezes, E. B.26
Magistra. Escola de Agronomia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Bahia, Brazil. 19: 1, 25-30. 31 ref.
The fruit fly species infesting S. lutea [S. mombin] fruits, the infestation index, parasitoid associations and parasitism percentage were evaluated in Seropedica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Fruits were kept from 15 to 25 days in transparent plastic containers filled with moistened sand as pupation substrate. After eclosion, pests or parasitoids were identified. The tephritids Anastrepha obliqua, A. fraterculus and A. sororcula were obtained from fruits. The mean infestation indices were 701.3+or-346.6 pupae/kg fruit and 9.6+or-0.4 pupae/fruit. Pupal viability was 17.2+or- 7.3%. The larvae of fruit flies were parasitized by Doryctobracon areolatus and Utetes anastrephae with mean parasitism percentage of 58.2+or-4.8%.
Souza, S. A. da S.; Santos, C. M. A. dos; Resende, A. L. S.; Menezes, E. B.; Aguiar-Menezes, E. de L.;27
Neotropical Entomology. Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil (SEB), Londrina, Brazil. 36: 2, 268-273. 20 ref.
The infestation indices by fruit flies were determined for six cultivars of Coffea arabica in shaded and unshaded systems under organic management. A 250-g sample of maturing fruits per plot was harvested in May 2005. The cultivars ''Icatu Amarelo'' and ''Catucai Amarelo'' were the least susceptible to attack by tephritids in both systems. As for lonchaeids, ''Oeiras'', ''Catucai Amarelo'' and ''Catuai Vermelho'' were the least susceptible cultivars in the shaded system, and there was no difference among the cultivars in the unshaded system. The following tephritid species were obtained: Ceratitis capitata, Anastrepha fraterculus and A. sororcula. Lonchaeids were represented by Neosilba bifida, N. certa, N. glaberrima, N. pendula, N. pseudopendula, Dasiops rugifrons, and two Neosilba spp.
Aguiar-Menezes, E. L.; Souza, S. A. S.; Santos, C. M. A.; Resende, A. L. S.; Strikis, P. C.; Costa, J. R.; Ricci, M. S. F.;28
The aim of this work was to determine the parasitoid species associated with fruit flies infesting six cultivars of arabic coffee under shaded and unshaded organic management. A 1kg-sample of maturing fruits per cultivar was harvested in May 2005. The fruits were placed in plastic trays containing a layer of thin sand, as a substrate for pupa phase. The puparia were quantified and kept in transparent plastic cups with sand until the emergence of the insects. Seven parasitoid species of the order Hymenoptera were identified, from which five belong to the family Braconidae: Asobara anastrephae (Muesebeck), Doryctobracon areolatus (Szepligeti), Utetes anastrephae (Viereck), Opius bellus Gahan and Opius sp., and two of the Figitidae: Aganaspis pelleranoi (Brethes) and Lopheucoila anastrephae Weld. Larvae of *Tephritidae* and Lonchaeidae infesting fruits of the six cultivars were parasitized by Braconidae and Figitidae, with an average of 14.2% and 7.7% in the unshaded and shaded systems, respectively.
Aguiar-Menezes, Elen de Lima; Alves dos Santos, Carlos Marcos; Santos Resende, Andre Luis; Leal, Michela Rocha; Menezes, Euriped29
Ciencia Rural, v.39, N.3, p.627-634, 2009.
Due to the increase in fruit crops acreage in the\r\nnorthern and northwestern regions of Rio de Janeiro State and to the economic and quarantine importance of the fruit flies to this agricultural activity in the world, this study was carried out in five municipalities of these regions: Cambuci, Campos dos Goytacazes, Itaocara, S?o Francisco do Itabapoana, and S?o Jo?o da Barra, aiming to study the fruit fly species, their host plants and their parasitoids. The specimens were collected using McPhail traps with aqueous solution of hydrolyzed protein to\r\n5% and in fruit samples. In the traps, 4% of the total of fruit flies captured were Ceratitis capitata and 96% were from the genus Anastrepha in a total of 15 species. From these flies captured in the traps, only six species infested fruits among the 12 species of fruits sampled. Fruit trees of the families Anacardiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Myrtaceae, Oxalidaceae, Passifloraceae and Sapotaceae were host plants of fruit flies. Only three species of Anastrepha (A. fraterculus, A. sororcula and A. zenildae) infested guavas of the commercial variety Paluma. The parasitoids of fruit fly larvae found were Doryctobracon areolatus and Aganaspis pelleranoi, parasitizing them in fruits of guava and other fruit trees in these regions.
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