Global Networks of Isotopes in Precipitation and Rivers (GNIP, GNIR)
The Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation (GNIP) is a worldwide observation network of hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in precipitation, initiated in 1960 by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and operated in cooperation with numerous partner institutions in member states.
The analysis of the temporal and spatial variations of environmental isotopes in precipitation (mainly oxygen-18 and deuterium) provides basic data for the use of isotopes in hydrological investigations within the scope of water resources inventory, planning and development. To complement the GNIP, a Global Network of Isotopes in Rivers (GNIR) was initiated in 2002. GNIR is a global environmental observation programme dedicated to the compilation of isotopic assays of river waters, but also to the ongoing collection and analysis of water samples.
Both resources are available through the WISER portal (Water Isotope System for Data Analysis, Visualization and Electronic Retrieval).
||Quality-checked: Data quality is checked regularly by staff of NAPC/Isotope Hydrology Section
|| Selective: The databases include data from the GNIP and GNIR networks and also published datasets.
|| Updated periodically: Updates to the databases are made several times per year.
|Last Resource Update
||Water; Hydrology; Deuterium; Oxygen Isotopes; Tritium; Precipitation
|ARAGUÁS ARAGUÁS, Luis J.|