Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

19th INPRO Dialogue Forum on Enhancing Public Acceptance of Nuclear Energy through Institutional Innovations
International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO)

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​7–10 December 2021 | Virtual Event

While Nuclear energy has been one of the major sources of electricity with its role in achieving sustainable development and mitigating climate change, public acceptance and national policy uncertainties still constitute hurdles to the once envisaged nuclear renaissance.
Public attitudes and the policies of nations and institutions toward nuclear energy have changed over time. Many researchers have explored the determinants of public acceptance of nuclear power and the impact on national policies. These researchers identified various factors such as benefits, risks, upfront costs, knowledge, and trust as base characteristics to understand the issue of public acceptance. Researchers have also identified driving forces related to these factors which depend on experience in operating nuclear power plants and the geographical, environmental, political, economic, and cultural conditions of a country.

Among many benefits, energy security has been considered a major contributor to the public support and government policy for nuclear energy development. Recently, the positive impact of nuclear energy on climate change created a penetration of acceptance of this technology into the ranks of environmentalists.

On the other hand, risks of nuclear power such as safety, security, proliferation, and environmental impacts are exceptionally high among the public in comparison with other types of technologies. In addition, numerous studies have shown that the nuclear accidents at Three Mile Island (1979), Chernobyl (1986), or Fukushima (2011) have significantly eroded public acceptance of nuclear power.

​For a significant improvement of public acceptance of nuclear energy, both technological and institutional innovations to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks and the up-front costs of nuclear energy are essential.

The objectives of the 19th INPRO Dialogue Forum are to:

  • Provide a platform for Member States to discuss various aspects of multilateral or bilateral partnerships and strategic alliances.
  • Recognize the importance of public acceptance and robust government policy needed for a sustainable nuclear power programme.
  • Identify different institutional and technological factors that affect public acceptance of nuclear energy.
  • Explore the role of institutional and technological innovations for enhancing public acceptance and government backing.
  • Explore the roles that various institutions can play to enhance public acceptance of nuclear energy, with a focus on educational institutions.
  • Share best practices and lessons learned from cases of success or failure in different organizations and countries.
  • Share new ideas and suggestions for innovations that will bring significant improvement of public acceptance.

Working Documents



Opening Session​

  • Opening Remarks
    Mr Mikhail CHUDAKOV, Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Nuclear Energy, IAEA
  • 20 Ye​ars of INPRO
    Mr Brian BOYER, INPRO Section Head, IAEA

Session I: The Importance of Public Acceptance​​

Session II: ​The Role of Innovations

Closing Session